Advanced instruments and equipment such as the hot

2022-08-15
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Advanced instruments and equipment such as ion chromatograph help to carry out cultural relics protection work

history is called history because it has experienced the washing of time and contains rich cultural connotation and spiritual sustenance

a well preserved cultural relic can often reflect the cultural heritage of a country in a certain period. Through the study of ancient relics, people can better understand the social composition, cultural style and science and technology of that era and that place, and can obtain important information that is difficult to find in historical documents and archaeological materials. Therefore, the prosperity and development of cultural relics has become the work that contemporary people must pay attention to. At the same time, because ancient cultural relics can not be copied, people also need to pay attention to the preservation of cultural relics. At this time, the cultural relics monitoring system comes in handy

take the preservation of cultural relics in the collection as an example. All the cultural relics in our common collections are preserved by categories according to certain standards after artificial treatment. This is mainly because different cultural relics have different requirements for ambient temperature, humidity, and even carbon dioxide and microbial content. If different cultural relics are put together, it will greatly increase the difficulty of environmental monitoring of cultural relics, thus affecting the preservation quality of cultural relics

it is understood that "preventive protection" is the fundamental purpose of implementing environmental monitoring of cultural relics in the collection. The "master" of the environmental monitoring of cultural relics in the collection is the sensor. These sensors deployed in the monitoring area can be used to sense the light intensity, ultraviolet intensity, carbon dioxide concentration, ambient temperature and humidity and even the concentration of volatile organic compounds of the objects in the corresponding area. Moreover, the cultural relics collection hall with multiple sensors is like a spider. The invisibly interconnected "spider silk" can complete the rapid dissemination of information, so as to help the staff in the "spider" center grasp the preservation of each collection in real time. Once an emergency occurs, the staff can quickly find out the specific location of the abnormality and take corresponding remedial measures in a short time

in addition, in the process of cleaning and repairing cultural relics, ion chromatograph, ion mass spectrometry, spectrometer, ultrasonic cleaner, acidity meter, thickness gauge, electronic balance, constant temperature water bath, pure water preparation instrument, ultra clean workbench, incubator, artificial climate box and other instruments and equipment also play an important role

after talking about the environmental monitoring of indoor cultural relics, let's talk about the environmental monitoring of immovable cultural relics such as ancient buildings, grotto temples and murals. First of all, it can be determined that compared with the former in the "greenhouse", the latter with long-term exposure to the wind and sun has greater protection difficulty. Therefore, in addition to the use of carbon dioxide automatic recorders, outdoor temperature and humidity recorders and other instruments and equipment, people also need to use portable automatic weather stations to implement the comprehensive monitoring of wind direction, wind force, rainfall and other meteorological factors around ancient buildings

secondly, people can also establish a reliable image database through the monitoring of cultural relics. The establishment of this reliable database is of great significance to improve the stability of immovable cultural relics such as ancient buildings, ancient sculptures and ancient murals, as well as the restoration of damaged cultural relics

according to the method of reporting and eliminating Chinese Cultural Relics: 1 In June this year, the cultural relics protection materials laboratory of Zhejiang University used 16 special instruments and equipment to conduct regular and fixed-point third monitoring of Feilai peak stone carvings, Lingyin Temple and other scenic spots according to the deployment of Hangzhou Garden Culture Bureau. It is understood that the operation completed the inspection of the surrounding environment, surface, materials and structure of cultural relics. In addition, the corresponding automatic monitoring system has been established around some important West Lake Cultural Relics. In addition to the above various sensors, the monitoring system is also equipped with an automatic photographic acquisition system and an automatic early warning and alarm system, which facilitates the real-time recording and protection of cultural relics

ancient relics, as the historical precipitation of 5000 people in China, not only attract a large number of overseas tourists to visit every year, promote the development of the local economy, but also effectively improve the national expression method. For example, 640hv30/20 means to use 30hgf (294.2n) experimental power to maintain the collective sense of honor of people with a Vickers hardness value of 640n/mm2mpa measured in 20s (seconds), so as to enhance the art appreciation ability of Chinese people. Therefore, the relevant cultural relics protection departments should also seriously implement the cultural relics work policy of "protection first, rescue first, rational utilization, and strengthening management", borrow advanced instruments and equipment, and fully carry out the cultural relics protection work

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